Shanghai is the largest city by population in China and the largest city proper by population in the world. It is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China, with a total population of near 24 million as of 2015. It is a global financial center, and a transport hub with the world's busiest container port.
Shanghai is a popular tourist destination renowned for its historical landmarks such as The Bund, City God Temple and Yu Garden, as well as the extensive Lujiazui skyline and major museums including the Shanghai Museum and the China Art Museum. It has been described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of mainland China.
Origin of “hu” and “shen”
Shanghai is called in Chinese “Hu” for short and “Shen” as a nickname. About 6000 years ago, the western part of today’s Shanghai dried up into land and its eastern part became a piece of land about 2000 years ago. During the Spring-Autumn and Warring States Periods (770-221 BC), this area was once the fief of Huang Xie, the Chun Shen Governor of the State of Chu. So, “Shen” comes from the title of the governor. During the Jin Dynasty (4th-5th centuries), fishermen created a fishing tool called “Hu”. By combining the name of the fishing tool and the then term for estuary of big rivers, they coined a Chinese character “Hu Du” to name the place as it sits at the mouth of the Yangtze River, the longest river in China, and later it was shortened as “Hu”.
In the 16th century, Shanghai became the national center of textile handicraft industry. In 1685 the central government of the Qing Dynasty set up its customs office in Shanghai. In the mid-19th century, the city evolved into a major trading port. Today, Shanghai has become one of largest economic centers in China. Now, the city is striving to run itself into one of the economic, financial, trade and shipping centers in the world.
Shanghai is situated at 31°14’ north latitude and 121°29’ east longitude. Bordering on Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces in the west, Shanghai is washed by East China Sea on the east and Hangzhou bay on the south. North of the city, the Yangtze River pours into the East China Sea. It also assumes the central location along China’s coastal line. Thanks to its advantageous geographic location, Shanghai become an excellent sea and river port, boasting easy accesses to a vast hinterland.
Shanghai has a humid subtropical climate and experiences four distinct seasons. June in Shanghai is normally rainy and hot.
Average High in June in Shanghai: 28°C/82°F
Average Low in June in Shanghai: 22°C/42°F
Average precipitation of rainy days in June in Shanghai: 18 days
For weather forecast up-to-date, please click herefor more information.
Shanghai has two main airports: Shanghai Pudong International Airport (PVG) and Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport (SHA).
Shanghai Pudong International Airport (PVG)
Shanghai Metro Line 2 runs all the way from PVG to the city center. Trains run every 8 minutes from the Airport Station between 6:00 and 22:00, and travelling to Shanghai International Convention Center (Lujiazui Station) takes about 50 minutes. At Guanglan Road station, you’ll need to transfer trains, but this is a quick cross-platform interchange. There are numerous interchange stations to other lines, including to Lines 4, 6 and 9 at Century Avenue and Line 1 and Line 8 at People’s Square.
Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport (SHA).
Hongqiao Airport has two terminals, both with a metro station. Terminal 1 station is on Line 10, while Terminal 2 station is on Line 2 and Line 10. On Line 2, trains run every 6-12 minutes and take about 50 minutes to Shanghai International Convention Center (Lujiazui Station) between 5:35 and 22:50. There are numerous interchange stations to other lines on both line 2 and line 10.
Useful Emergency Numbers
Police: 110 First-aid Ambulance: 120 Fire: 119
Time zone: CST (China Standard Time)
Current time zone offset: +08:00 hours
Shopping malls, mobile service companies, some post offices and other public services open all around the year, including in public holidays. The standard working hours in Shanghai are usually 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. or 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., except for major shopping malls and supermarkets, most of which will run from 8:30 am or 9 a.m. and close around 9 p.m. in winter and 10 p.m. in summer. There will be a different office hours in public holidays.
The electricity in China is generally 220V, 50HZ. Most of hotels in China have both 110V and 220V electrical outlets in the bathrooms, though in guest rooms usually only 220V sockets are available.
The tap water in China is undrinkable before it is boiled, hotel rooms offer bottled water for free or for a minimal charge, and are equipped with water heaters. Bottled water is supplied at the conference center during the conference.
Chinese Mandarin (Putonghua) is the official language in mainland China. Staff of the conference center and official hotels speak appropriate English, while taxi drivers and staff of public service facilities normally have very limited capability of understanding English. Please seek help from conference staff and volunteers for language assistance if necessary.
Telephone Calling Codes
International Country Code of China: +86
Area Code for Shanghai: +21
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